Writing Part 1
Key Word Transformations
In Part 1 of the Writing test of the exam, you will be given five sentences relating to the same topic. For each question, you are given a complete sentence, with a ‘gapped’ sentence below it. You need to transform the gapped sentence so that it means the same as the complete sentence by using a different grammar or vocabulary structure.
Example: Jack joined a football team 5 years ago
Jack has been in a football team for 3 years.
In this example, a past simple sentence has been transformed into a present perfect simple sentence. You need to complete the sentence with the correct preposition.
- This part of the exam tests your grammar and vocabulary precision.
- There are five sentences.
- Use between one and three words to complete each gap. Contractions count as TWO words.
- Each sentence is worth 2 marks.
- Spelling is important.
- The questions can test any area of grammar or vocabulary.
- Read the first sentence and identify the grammar and vocabulary.
- Read the second sentence. Decide if you need to change the grammar, or look for a synonym.
- Underline the words you think you will have to change in the first sentence.
- Complete the gapped sentence with between one and three words. (Contractions count as two words).
- Practice as many as Key Word Transformations as you can.
- It’s a good idea to repeat exercises you have done in the past to help you recognise and remember the grammar and vocabulary structures.